Unit 5: Feminine Nouns (Feminine Nouns) Exercice 5

In French, nouns have a gender:

MASCULINE:    le or un

FEMININE:        la or une

The form of the noun does not help determine its gender, unless we are talking about people who DO have a gender such as “homme” (man) or “femme” (woman). For inanimate things or abstract ideas etc., the gender of the noun in these cases is quite arbitrary. The word for pencil “crayon” for example is masculine in French, whereas the word television “télévision” is feminine.  The best way to know the gender of a noun is to memorize the word with its accompanying article “un”, “une”, “le”, “la”.  This way you will learn that the word pencil should be “le crayon”.

However certain endings will help you determine whether the noun is masculine or feminine. They are as follows:

1. Nouns referring to the sex of the person or an animal which are obviously feminine, for example:
“la femme (the woman), “la fille” (the girl), “une étudiante” (a female student), une chatte (a female cat).
2. These nouns are usually feminine:
            ending in “e”: une vedette, une voiture, une enveloppe

            ending in “ion”: la révolution, la religion, la nation, la sucession

            ending in “”:  la bon, la chari, la liber

3. These nouns are feminine:
            ending in “ure”: la confiture, la parure,  la couture

            ending in “sion” : une discussion, une version

            ending in “ence”: la providence, la diligence, la patience


Exercice 5